Repossession is the process of a financial institution taking back an object that was either used as collateral, or rented, or leased in a transaction. This is usually done in accordance with a purchase contract or credit contract.

If a lender finds itself in the situation of needing to repossess property while the borrower attempts to avoid this, the dealer may contract the work of repossession out to a repossession agent. Many things can be repossessed, but most repossession agencies focus on auto repossession.

A provision of law, requires when repossession takes place, the lien holder has a non-delegatable obligation not to cause a Breach of the Peace (disturbing the peace) in performing the repossession or the repossession will be reversed, and the party ordering the repossession will be liable for damages (or the lienholder will be held responsible). This requirement not to breach the peace includes even if the breach is caused by the debtor objecting to the repossession or resists the repossession. In the court case of MBank El Paso v. Sanchez, 836 S.W.2d 151, where a repossession agent towed away a car even after the loanee locked herself in it.The court decided that this was an unlawful breach of the peace and declared the repossession invalid. The debtor was also awarded $1,200,000 in damages from the bank.